Eczema is a very common skin condition which forms a reddish and scaly rash on the surface of the skin. It also causes the patient to develop an itchiness in and around the affected area. The skin gets inflamed, and can even develop blisters. The most common kind of eczema is ‘atopic dermatitis’, which affects the immune system of the affected skin. This skin disease is not contagious, and dos not spread from one person to another.

There are many causes by which eczema can develop on the skin. Some of these are:

  • Consumption of foods the patient is allergic to (nuts, dairy products)
  • Any contact with skin irritants
  • Family history of eczema or other skin allergies
  • Exposure to certain strong chemicals, cleaning agents
  • Infections from contact with animals
  • Infections from contact with hot or cold agents

A major symptom, visible to the naked eye is the development of a rash on the surface of the affected area. Eczema develops generally on the arms, wrists, hands, or behind the knees. Some of the other symptoms of the disease are: itchiness, swelling of the skin, dryness or sensitivity, inflamed skin, dark patches and oozing or crusting of the skin. Eczema can also affect pigmentation of the skin.

It is best to consult a qualified skin specialist or dermatologist for the treatment of eczema. There are certain medications available for curing eczema such as antibiotics, antihistamines, phototherapy and antifungal medicines. Anti-inflammatory creams help to reduce itchiness and redness of the skin. These are technically called ‘topical corticosteroid’ creams. Regular usage of moisturizers also helps in reducing the ill effects of eczema on the skin. Phototherapy involves the usage of UV rays on the skin to help cure it.

There is no definite cure for eczema, and it can remain lifelong for some people. But it is advisable to visit the doctor, so that he can understand your specific case and suggest a treatment plan.



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