Exciplex treatments are a specific kind of laser treatment wherein ultraviolet radiation is emitted to the affected areas for skin disorder treatment. A very specific wavelength of UV rays are used as they impact and fuel treatment pace for patients with mild psoriasis and vitiligo.
Psoriasis is a skin ailment, which causes the rapid development of skin cells, which often lead to dryness and itchiness. Psoriasis is considered an immune system disorder and can be triggered by factors like stress, changes in weather conditions and infections.
Vitiligo is a skin disorder, which causes complete loss of pigmentation in certain patches. This is mainly because of an inherent melanin deficiency or functioning problem. Melanin is the pigment responsible for skin tone and coloration.
Exciplex treatments involve the usage of UV B (ultraviolet B) rays to cure skin ailments like vitiligo and psoriasis. The concerned dermatologist, depending on each individual case and the severity of the skin disorder, determines the level of exposure.
Exciplex lasers use concentrated laser rays to treat skin problems. They are effective in curing mild and moderate cases, but could take a longer time to show effects in more severe cases of vitiligo and psoriasis. Patients can see visible results in about 10 sessions.
An average case of mild vitiligo or psoriasis requires multiple sessions with the dermatologist. Around 15 to 20 weeks are a must for completing exciplex laser treatment, with a gap of 2 weeks between sessions, or as recommended by the doctor.
The skin exposed continually to UVB rays can develop redness and itchiness. Skin can also become blistered and form purplish spots. Exciplex laser rays, if not suited to skin type can cause hypopigmentation (lightening of skin), or hyperpigmentation (darkening of skin). Doctors often conduct patch tests prior to treatment to determine the viability of the procedure.
Excimer rays are powerful UV rays, and patients must take care to limit exposure to harsh sunlight after a session. Sunscreen usage is a must to protect the skin from sunlight. Topical medicines are also available to alleviate skin issues that may arise after a session.