Dark circles are a natural response of the body to lack of sleep and inadequate rest. They can also arise from an uneven sleep schedule, as part of the ageing process, or even as an allergic reaction to something. Dark circles can make the eyes look puffy and tired, and create bluish or dark colored circles in the under-eye region.
Home remedies and cosmetic products can target dark circles. There are many products, which aid reduction in the appearance of dark circles. Natural products like Aloe Vera, tea leaves, coffee beans and cucumber can help to treat dark circles. It is also a good idea to catch up on lost sleep, in order to lessen the effect of dark circles.
Here are some ways by which dermatologists can reduce the appearance of dark circles. People with severe and ongoing dark circles often visit professional doctors to help them with the problem. Occasional and mild dark circles can be cured with home remedies and cosmetic products.
Mild chemical peels that contain glycolic acid help in reducing dark circles under the eyes. These peels also help in making the skin tone more even and light.
Intense pulsed light (IPL) rays help to reduce under eye pigmentation, which ultimately leads to dark circles. Pigmentation is a common problem for people who are exposed to harmful UV rays of the sun during the daytime. IPL rays help to counter the effect of these harsh UV rays on the skin.
Retinoic acid (RA) is derived from vitamin A, and is known to reduce fine lines, wrinkles and age spots on the skin. RA also stimulates the production of newer blood vessels, thus aiding proper blood circulation in the blood stream. Retinoic acid is also believed to cure the problem of dark circles by dermatologists.
Doctors also recommend topical creams, which contain healing agents like kojic acid, glycolic acid and azaleic acid in varying degrees, to cure dark circles. Over the counter lotions such as hydroquinone creams are also available for treating dark circles. These creams aid to solve hyperpigmentation under the eyes.
Another cosmetic procedure which dermatologists use is filler injections. These injections contain hyaluronic acid, which helps to plump the skin in the under-eye area. Excess dark circles can make this region look dull, sunken in and lifeless. Doctors use filler injections and laser treatments for severe cases of dark circles.